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Brief History of the Czech Sugar Industry


1787
  • First cane sugar refinery founded in Zbraslav Monastery near Prague
1829
  • First industrial sugar factory in Austria-Hungary founded in Kostelní Vydří
1831
  • Foundation of the oldest still-working sugar factory - TTD in Dobrovice
1835 – 1838
  • The “founding fever”, 53 new sugar factories established
1831 – 1945
  • Great expansion - 323 sugar factories established, thereof 168 disappearing soon afterwards
  • Average sugar production amounting to 1021.3 thousand metric tons per year, i.e., 14.8% of the world sugar production, the future Czech Republic representing 57% of all European exportations
  • 240.6 thousand hectares beet acreage
After 1945
  • Nationalization (Beneš Decrees)
1945 – 1990
  • Totalitarian regime – Czech sugar industry falling into disrepair
1990
  • 60 sugar factories in the Czech Republic
1990 – 2004
  • Entirely liberal development, no regulation, subsidies or customs protection
  • Industry restructuring
  • Number of sugar factories falling from 60 down to 10
  • Beet acreage decreasing from 100,000 ha to 60,000 ha
2004
  • The Czech Republic accession to the EU
2006
  • Eastern Sugar discontinues its activities in the Czech Republic – 3 sugar factories closed down
After 2007
  • 7 sugar factories in activity
  • Beet acreage: 50,000 ha


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